Capital Market Impact

Summer slump for stocks may come as no surprise

August 09, 2023
A person working on the laptop.

Over the last five months, the S&P 500® Index has demonstrated remarkable resilience, defying overly bearish sentiment in the stock market during the first half of 2023 to surge nearly 20% for the year to date through July. The soft-landing narrative for the economy continues to evolve, bolstered by recent robust data, receding inflation, and rising expectations that the Fed’s rate-hiking campaign is near its end. Investors shouldn’t be disheartened if the stock market weakens slightly in the coming months. Historically, August has been challenging for stocks, ranking third worst since 1950, ahead of only February and September. With September being the worst month for stocks, according to historical data from the Stock Trader’s Almanac, we’re entering what could be a rocky spell for performance among stock investors.

S&P 500® returns first 7 months vs. last 5 months of calendar years since 1980.

While any weakness that materializes in the coming weeks may catch some investors by surprise, it’s essential to remember that modest pullbacks have historically been common during these two months and shouldn’t be alarming. Any market-wide withdrawal may present buying opportunities for long-term investors. Volatility is an inherent aspect of the market, even during typically strong years for returns, and investors must avoid overreactions and making emotional investment decisions.

The accompanying chart offers an encouraging analog for investors to consider. The S&P 500’s 19% year-to-date return through July was its fifth-best seven-month period to start the year since 1980. In those years where the first seven-month return was greater than 6%, the remainder of the year was positive (with 1987 being the one exception) by an average of 5.4%. Historical data since 1928 shows that the S&P 500 has increased, on average, 2.3% in the last five months of the year, with gains occurring 71% of the time. Investors should recognize that seasonal headwinds or market prognostications are not the bases for a prudent investment strategy. Instead, periods of market weakness are good times to reassess risk tolerance.


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